Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 Installation And Settings – Part 1

Before starting the installation, let’s first briefly discuss the roles and roles of Exchange Server 2007 and 2016.

As it is known, there are 5 roles in 2007 and 2010 Exchange Server.

Mailbox Server Role = A role required to manage Mailboxes and public folders. Because this role will work in communication with Active Directory, the server on which you will install this role must be an Active Directory Domain member.

Hub Transport Role = A role that is required to route mail. It categorizes the mail and allows it to pass through the organization. The server on which you will install this role must be an Active Directory Domain member.

Client Access Server Role = This role enables all mail protocols to be used on the Exchange Server. Exchange Active Sync clients connect to Outlook Anywhere (RPC over HTTP), POP, IMAP, Outlook Web App, MAPI protocols. The server on which you will install this role must be an Active Directory Domain member.

The roles above are usually what each organization should have, and the roles below are optional, with the Hub Trasport role being similar to the Edge Transport  role. For example, this role can also create filters for users and external domains.

Edge Transport Server Role = A role used for security between SMTP and the Internet. It also does not need to be a member of the Active Directory server.

Unified Messaging Server Role = A role that enables voice and faxes messages to be used for your organization.

Exchange Management Console
Exchange Management Console

He then went on to develop a number of enhancements to make sure that the hardware would come even stronger and reduce the structure from the more complex to the simpler and more effective in terms of use.

Therefore, the number of roles in Exchange Server 2013 has decreased from 5 to 2. These are Mailbox Server Role and Client Access Roles. In addition, the EMC is now replaced by the Exchange Administration Console (EAC). In this way, management over the web was achieved.

In Exchange Server 2016, it can be deployed as 2 roles. Mailbox Server and Edge Server. They removed the role of Cas as a service to the Mailbox role. Developed by adding faster and more effective innovations to the user.

I recommend you to review this link https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt170645(v=exchg.160).aspx for system requirements and other information for Exchange Server 2016.

Directory Service support

Directory Service support
Directory Service support

Hardware support

Hardware support
Hardware support

System support

System support
System support

User application support

User application support

Now we can proceed with the installation. The simple scheme of the structure we will create is as follows.

Exchange Server Schema
Exchange Server Schema

 

Domain Controller and Exchange Server is ready to install the machine and as shown in the screenshot below I bought the machine domain. I also recommend that you create a user on the AD DC for both Exchange Server setup and administration, and then grant privileges to that user. Since I am in a test environment, I will do my operations with Domain Admin.

Exchange Server Domain

In addition, the region and language settings of the server to be installed in English & United States to avoid future problems I suggest you do.

Then run the following command on the server where Exchange will be installed after opening PowerShell in Admin mode.

We started the installation by pasting the commands and the installation is done.

Windows PowerShell
Windows PowerShell

And the installation is finished, then restart the server.

Windows PowerShell

 

Then install the following requirements. Usually .Net 4.5 is installed on the server.

Next, several adjustments must be made to make Active Directory compatible for Exchange Server 2016. We can do this in two ways. By using several commands manually or by using the Exchange Server setup wizard.

By manually running CMD in admin mode, you can go to the Exchange Setup directory and run the following commands there. I extracted the files under C: \ Exchange2016.

Active Directory Schema Expansion

C:\Exchange2016>setup.exe /PrepareSchema /IacceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

Command Prompt
Command Prompt

Preparing Active Directory

C: \ Exchange 2016> setup.exe / PrepareAD / OrganizationName: “organization name” / IacceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

 

Preparing All Domains in a Domain

C:\Exchange2016>setup.exe /PrepareAllDomains /IacceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

After doing this, you can use the command below to check the schema version, or you can check it from ADSI EDIT. If the update was successful, it will return the version number to you, otherwise, it will be empty.

You can also access Schema Versions for Exchange Server 2016 from this link.

https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb125224(v=exchg.160).aspx

Second, we can leave this job in the setup wizard, but you must install Remote Server Administration Tools beforehand. You can do this with the GUI interface, or you can do the following after running PowerShell in admin mode.

Install-WindowsFeature RSAT-ADDS

By this time, we have made all preliminary preparations for the installation. Now go directly to the setup directory and run the setup file.

Continue with Next to check for updates.

Exchange Server 2016 Setup
Exchange Server 2016 Setup

Files are copied and made available for installation.

Continue with Next.

Accept the license agreement and continue with Next.

You can select the recommended settings or the other, then continue with Next.

The installation will appear as follows. As soon as you select the Mailbox role, the Management tools will be selected automatically. The edge transport role will be passive. The reason is that it cannot be run on the same server as the mailbox. You can also enable the option to have the necessary downloads for Exchange Server checked and installed if necessary.

The final figure will be as follows. Then continue with Next.

After determining the location to be installed, continue with Next.

Exchange Server 2016 Setup
Exchange Server 2016 Setup

The organization would then ask you to specify the name and finish the setup after expanding the schema but did not ask me for these steps because I did the schema expansion manually.

If you want to confirm the malware scan, you can continue with Next.

Then click Install to start the Exchange installation. And wait until it’s set up, the process will take a little longer.

Installation in progress.

Exchange Server 2016 Setup
Exchange Server 2016 Setup

When the installation is finished, confirm for the opening of the EAC and click Finish.

Exchange Server 2016 Setup
Exchange Server 2016 Setup

The Exchange Admin Center web interface opens as https: // servername / ecp.

Exchange Admin Center
Exchange Admin Center

We connect

Exchange Admin Center

Then, both the continuation of the article and the basic operations that need to be done can be found on the following link.

Microsoft Exchange Server 2016 Installation and Setup – Part 2