.NET and Java are two of the most popular programming languages in the world, both in existence since long and each powerful enough to compete with the other.
We researched for opinions of a few enterprises and found out that they prefer Java over .NET due to following reasons:
# 1. Open Source
In 2006, Oracle made Java open source – which means no licensing fee to be given to Oracle to develop any software. On the other hand development in .Net may cost you money i.e. to develop a software in .Net you may have to buy visual studio that will cost you money, off course you can opt for free tools available but I’m sure enterprise wouldn’t prefer it owing to its limited features.
The advantage Companies get while using Java is that they can cut down development costs by using an open source software development framework. For enterprises with a tight budget, Java is the natural choice.
Plus, being an open source platform, it allows developers to do anything with it, they can build what they want and create solutions they like by using various available Java supported developing tools.
# 2. Platform Independent
Do you want to develop a software that can run seamlessly on various operating systems? Imagine a software that allows you to write a code that works across devices and platforms. All this is possible with Java. Java was made with single purpose – “write once, run everywhere” and true to its vision Java code once written can be executed and run on various platforms. This is possible because concrete JVM implementations are available for almost all major platforms.
Off course for development in .NET you can use Mono to build applications thatcan work onmajoroperating systems, but it doesn’t offer the ease of development that Java does. So if you creating software or apps that need to be run on various platforms – Java is an ideal development platform for you. It will make the development process simpler.
# 3. Preferred Platform for Internet of Things
The Internet of Things refers to a vision of the future where everyday things – such as devices, homes, cities, cars and other items – are infused with intelligence and constantly connected to the Internet.Java will be an ideal platform for Internet of Things as the devices will be running on different software and hardware and Java can get all these different devices communicate with each other.
Of course, there are other languages that can also be used, but Java already is a matured programming language, and much development and research is already done on this front, making it an ideal choice for developers.
Now, this is the capability that .NET does not offer, owing to its functionality of mostly being fully compatible only to windows platform; .NET is not too good at connecting various devices that are build and run on different software and hardware.
#4. Active Community
The best part of Java Community is that you can get your solutions for free, in comparison to Microsoft which charges when you approach them for a solution. On the other side, the vibrant Java developer community keeps on improving the functionality and effectiveness of the Java platform. This means that your software and applications can continue to get the advantages of the latest technology without having to shell out extra money.
Java is fairly more popular in terms of security compared to other programming languages. Features like automatic null checking of reference, verification of byte code prior to execution, run time security checks and dozens of similar features allows developers to build secure apps. Off course Java did had major security risk few months back but oracle fixed those issues with regular updates.
The Windows OS is still one of the most popular operating system around the world; so, for organizations and entrepreneurs that want to develop apps especially for the Windows platform, .NET may be a good choice. But Java offers a secure, cost effective, and platform independent way of creating high-quality software. This, in combination with constant improvements from the Java developer community, make it a great choice for most enterprises.
Each one has its own strengths and weaknesses so the answer which one is better depends on the complexity and requirements of the project.